More Voices, More Faces: A Challenge for Educators, Conference & Festival Organizers, and Authors & Illustrators

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I have never met an educator or children’s book creator who didn’t claim to support diversity in children’s literature. Surely, all of our kids deserve to see themselves in the stories we share. And most of us are rightly troubled when we look at statistics like these:

And yet…  Somehow, year after year, we see conference keynote lists and book festival lineups and conference panels that are made up entirely or almost entirely of men and/or white people, which only serves to reinforce the inequities. We see conference panels that promote “FIVE FUNNY MEN!” and “ADVENTURE BOOKS FOR BOYS,” all by white male authors. When girls and people of color see these lineups over and over again, it sends a persistent and insidious message.

Your voice doesn’t matter here.

This business of telling stories and making art is not for you.

Librarian Edi Campbell notes that when indigenous people and people of color are invited to speak, they’re often relegated to diversity panels. “Associations think that having panels on topics of social justice, equity, or diversity makes them look more inclusive. Rather, having these panels with IPOC, LGBT+ individuals or people with disabilities without including them on topics that address literary, scholarly, or professional topics perpetuates the colonization of youth literature,” Campbell says. “Have we ever seen Ellen Oh, Jacqueline Woodson, or Meg Medina afforded the honor (!) of speaking solely on their craft?” Campbell also notes that not enough work is done to make panels accessible. “People with disabilities are often excluded even from panels centered on marginalized people and adding insult to injury, they often are not afforded a way to access the information presented.”

Conference organizers should also think about the issues involved with inviting only one person of color to participate in an otherwise all-white panel. Tracey Baptiste, author of The Jumbies and Rise of the Jumbies, says that can be exhausting. “I have often been the only POC on a panel,” she says. “It’s uncomfortable, especially when someone says something insensitive or low-key racist, like ‘It’s easy to add diversity to your books, just change some of the kids’ names!’ Which is a real thing that was said when I was on a panel of me, and three white men. I’m put in the position of having to teach or correct publicly, or smile and deal with the insult of comments like that, and it’s mentally and emotionally exhausting.”

Most often, an unbalanced panel like this doesn’t happen because organizers are carefully planning to leave out women and people of color. It happens because they’re not planning carefully enough. Creating a great panel or festival lineup or book display takes thought. It requires one to read widely and make a point to learn about new authors and illustrators from all different backgrounds. Often, it requires asking for help.

Author-Educator Colby Sharp often asks for input in creating a more diverse lineup of speakers for NerdCamp MI. “I ask publishers to consider sending a diverse groups of creators to camp,” he says. “They are almost always willing to do this.”

I’ve found this to be the case in recent years, too, and have had great luck when I’ve approached publishers to request an author or illustrator for a panel. But sometimes, this can be tricky territory for educators to navigate. As a conference or panel organizer, you’re often asking publishers to sponsor an author or illustrator’s travel to your event. What happens when you’re trying to create a diverse group and you request a particular author, but the publisher offers up another white male author instead? It’s okay to say no thanks. In this situation, I usually say something like, “I so appreciate this offer. Author A was at the top of our wish-list for this event, but we’re planning to reach out to a few other people if you’re not able to send her. Thanks for considering – and I’ll circle back to you if it turns out that we have another opening for Author B.”

Sarah Mulhern Gross, a teacher & writer who also works on conference lineups says, “When dealing with publishers we are very clear about our focus on the authors/illustrators being representative of our student population. Sometimes we have to say it twice (and often in writing), but so far, so good.”

She brings up a great point. If we’re presenting content related to children’s books, shouldn’t we aim for a lineup of featured authors and illustrators that represents our kids?  Census data shows us that America is growing more diverse, and by 2020, half of the nation’s children will be non-white.  Just over half of our population is female, too. What does that mean for our conference lineups and panels?  If you’re committed to fairness and real representation, it means that you should aim for any group you put together to be at least half women and at least half people of color. And it’s important to think about other kinds of inclusion, too, relating to gender, orientation, religious & cultural backgrounds, and disability.

So here’s the challenge. Can we agree that we’d like to live in a world where all kids get to see themselves in books and see creators who look like them? If so, here’s what we can all do to move a step in that direction.


I reached out to author-educator Donalyn Miller, whose conference panels are among my favorites because they always feature diverse voices and views. She offered four tips for conference, book festival, and panel organizers:

  1. Refuse to moderate groups that are all male or all white.
  2. Read widely, so that you know lots of diverse authors, not just the same four.
  3. Read the books your authors are promoting and look for connections between books beyond representation.
  4. As moderator, ensure equity of voices among panelists, and don’t allow individuals to dominate the discussion (including you)


  1. Don’t participate in all-male or all-white events or panels. Encourage organizers to consider other kinds of diversity as well.
  2. Let your publicists know that this is something you’ve committed to do. (They’ll be great about it – I promise. Publishers are interested in social justice, too.)
  3. When you’re invited to an event, before you commit, ask who else is invited. Explain to the organizer that you’ve made a commitment to only participate in events and panels that feature a diverse group.
  4. Offer to help. The pledge to only participate in events that also feature people of color is one that I made quietly several years ago. A number of times since then, I’ve been invited to be on panels that were originally planned as all-white. I explained to the organizers that I only participate in panels that also feature people from traditionally underrepresented groups, and I offered some suggestions. In one of those cases, I stepped back from a panel to make room for someone else, and in the others, the organizers were happy to add more voices. Most often, people want to do a better job with this. They just don’t always know where to start.

There are many dynamics at work, creating and sustaining the inequities we see in the world of children’s books. But there are also some things we can easily address. If no one moderates or participates in all-male/all-white panels, we’ll stop seeing them, and we’ll begin to see more festival and conference lineups that better reflect the amazing kids for whom we make books.

Give it some thought, okay? Later this month, Mike Jung will be coordinating a pledge for men of children’s literature who are committed to no longer participating in all-male panels or conference/festival lineups. And Laurel Snyder will be coordinating a pledge for those who promise not to participate in events & panels unless they include people of color. It’s important to note that this isn’t the only kind of diversity we need in children’s literature, and we have a long way to go to make sure that all of our kids are represented. But maybe this can be a start. I think it’s a conversation worth continuing.

8 Replies on “More Voices, More Faces: A Challenge for Educators, Conference & Festival Organizers, and Authors & Illustrators

  1. Excellent, Kate! Thank you for these important tools and the helpful language for requesting diversity in events. I will use them!!!! <3

  2. This is an important topic Kate. Thank you for the suggestions on how to address the inequity.

  3. Hi Kate. Excellent thoughtful piece. I have a question that I pose earnestly. At SCBWI, we often have panels that are all women. Do we need to extend the same kind of pledges to put men on panels? We haven’t in the past but does this leave us vulnerable to the same kind of exclusion that women have suffered?? Or are we in a period of affirmative action where this is ok? I would love some wisdom on this, as I bet lots of SCBWI conference planners around the country would too.

    1. Personally, I would hate to see an end to panels that are all women or all people of color because those conversations are essential to addressing the inequities we see in children’s literature. We still have so far to go when it comes to equal representation for people of color, and we know that men in our field are essentially a privileged minority and have been for years, so yes – I think it’s fine to have some panels where men and white people aren’t included. We have a long way to go before the playing field is leveled.

  4. Hi Kate,
    Thanks for Donalyn Miller’s 4 guidelines. I live in a state considered a white state but data now comes out that 12% of the youth are people of color. I’m beginning a project with New Hampshire Humanities to build writing partnerships between refugee and immigrant new writers in English and long-term writers and poets in the state for all to hear one another’s stories. And soon some of the new Americans might be panelists. Terry Farish